Authors must take special care to follow these instructions concerning margins. Our Journal has right to cancel any article that has not meet the guideline without Author and co-author(s) consent. The basic instructions are simple:
Your paper must use a page size corresponding to A4 which is 210mm (8.27") wide and 297mm (11.69") long. The margins must be set as follows:
The manuscript should be organized in the following order: Title of the paper, Authors' names and affiliation, Abstract, Key Words, Introduction, Body of the paper (in sequential headings), Conclusion, Acknowledgements (where applicable), References, and Appendices (where applicable).
The title is centered on the page and is CAPITALIZED AND SET IN BOLDFACE (font size 12 pt). It should adequately describe the content of the paper.
Author’s Name and Affiliation
The author's name(s) is also centered on the page (font size 12 pt). A blank line is required between the title and the author's name(s). Names should be spelled out in full and succeeded by author's initials. The author's affiliation and/or complete mailing address, and e-mail address (all in font size 12 pt) are provided below. Each author need a separate part (even with the same institute and address_ refer to the example below).
Name of 1st Author
name of department, name of organization
line 2: City, Country,
Name of 2nd Author
name of department,
name of organization
An abstract, not exceeding 300 words, is required for all papers. It should be an accurate presentation of the contents of the paper. It should contain sufficient information to enable readers to decide whether they should obtain and read the entire paper. Do not cite references in the abstract. It should be (font size 12 pt).
The author should provide a list of three to five key words that clearly describe the subject matter of the paper. Separate the keywords with comma (,). It should be (font size 12 pt). Example:
Keywords: FDI, Globalization, Liberalization, Reformed Legislation, External inflow
The manuscript must be typed single spacing. Use extra line spacing between paragraphs, equations, illustrations, figures and tables. The body of the text should be prepared using Times New Roman. The font size used for preparation of the manuscript must be 12 points. The first paragraph following a heading should not be indented.
Section headings should be centered on the page and is CAPITALIZED AND SET IN BOLDFACE (font size 12 pt). The headings should not be numbered.
Subheadings should be positioned at the left margin, in a bold-faced font the same size as the main text (Times New Roman 12 point) with single line spacing above and below. The first letter of each word in the subheading should be capitalized.
Sub-subheadings should be typed using italic font the same size as that used for the body of the text (Times New Roman 12 point italics). Only the first letter in the subheading should be capitalized. Note that a blank line precedes and follows the subheading.
Equations and Mathematical Expressions
Equation numbers should appear in parentheses and be numbered consecutively. All equation numbers must appear on the right-hand side of the equation and should be referred to within the text. Two different types of styles can be used for equations and mathematical expressions. Example:
α + β = λ (1)
Equations in display format are separated from the paragraphs of text. They should be flushed to the centered of the column. Fractional powers should be used instead of root signs. Note that the equation is centered using a center tab stop. Be sure that the symbols in your equation have been defined before or immediately following the equation. Use “Eq. 1” or “Equation 1”, not “(1)”, especially at the beginning of a sentence: “Equation 1 is . . .”
An example of a column heading
Column A (t)
Column B (t)
And an entry
And another entry
And another entry
Fig. 1: The flow of the current production line
A conclusion section must be included and should indicate clearly the advantages, limitations and possible applications of the paper. Discuss about future work.
An acknowledgement section may be presented after the conclusion, if desired. Individuals or units other than authors who were of direct help in the work could be acknowledged by a brief statement following the text.
The APA format 6 edition referencing system is to be used. In the body of the text a paper is to be referred to by the author’s surname with the year of publication in parentheses. References should be listed together at the end of the paper in alphabetical order by author’s surname. List of references indents 10 mm (or 0.39 inch) from the second line of each reference. Personal communications and unpublished data are not acceptable references.
Hamada, K. I., Rahman, M. M. & Aziz, A. R. A. (2012). Characteristics of the time-averaged overall heat transfer in a Direct Injection Hydrogen Fueled Engine. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 38(11), 4816-4830.
Rahman, M. M. & Ariffin, A. K. (2006). Effects of surface finish and treatment on the fatigue behaviour of vibrating cylinder block using frequency response approach. Journal of Zhejiang University of Science A, 7(3), 352-360.
Journal titles should not be abbreviated. Note that journal title is set in italics.
Juvinall, R. C. & Marshek, K. M. (2000). Fundamentals of machine component design. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Stephens, R. I., Fatemi, A., Stephens, R. R. & Fuchs, H. O. (2000). Metal fatigue in engineering. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
Note that the title of the book is italicized and sentence case.
Chapters in Books
Barky, M. E. & Zhang, S. (2005). Fatigue spot welds. Fatigue testing and analysis. Lee et al. (Eds.). New York: Butterworth Heinrahmanemann, 285-311.
Note that the title of the book is italicized and sentence case.
Rahman, M. M., Bakar, R. A., Sani, M. S. M. & Noor, M. M. (2008). Investigation into surface treatment on fatigue life for cylinder block of linear engine using frequency response approach. 15th International Congress on Sound and Vibrations, 2119-2127.
Felippa, C. A. (2011). Advanced finite element methods. Retrieved fromhttp://www.colorado.edu/courses.d /AFM.d/Home.html.
Rockwell Automation. Arena. Retrieved from http://www.arenasimulation.com.
Document your study throughout the text by citing the author (or brief title if there is no author) and year of the works you researched. The reader can then locate the complete source in the alphabetical reference list at the end of your work. The in text citation is highlighted in this example:
Rahman (2010) claimed that … or the theory was first put forward in 1960 (Rahman, 2010).
Always cite both authors.
Example: Rahman and Noor (2009) found … or The majority found … (Rahman & Noor, 2009).
Multiple authors for 3 or more authors
a full stop after “al”) and the year.
Example: Rahman et al. (2009) or (Rahman et al., 2009).
Multiple works (when two or more references are cited to make the same point)
List two or more works by different authors who are cited within the same parentheses in alphabetical order by the first author’s surname. Separate the citations with semicolons.
Example: (Rahman, 2010; Rahman & Kadirgama, 2009; Rahman et al., 2011)
Multiple works by the same author
Arrange two or more works by the same author by year of publication. Give author’s surname once; for each subsequent work, give only the date.
Example: University research has indicated that… (Rahman, 2007, 2010).
A policy of screening for plagiarism will been performed using Turnitin platform.
Submission Preparation Checklist
As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
- The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
- The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
- Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
- The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.