Frequency : Twice a Year (July & December)

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Similarity and Plagiarism Assessment

The author submitting a manuscript to the journal should ensure that the similarity index is less than 25 percent. The editorial team will perform a plagiarism checker using Turnitin software and once the manuscript has achieved a satisfactory similarity result, the manuscript will be sent to the Journal Editor to check the suitability and quality of the manuscript. If the manuscript similarity result is more than the acceptable threshold, the editorial team will reject the submission and the author need to resubmit a new and improved manuscript. 

Reviewing Process

The Journal Editor will first assess the suitability of the submission before sending the manuscript to the reviewer. This journal operates a double-blind review process, in which the author(s)' name, affiliation, email address, and biography will be masked by the Journal Editor before submitting the manuscript to the reviewer. There will be a minimum of two expert reviewers per manuscript and the final decision for acceptance or rejection is made by the Journal Editor. The decision made by Journal Editor is final.

Paper Template

Authors are provided with a paper template, which is downloadable here. Authors are encouraged to use and edit the template, rather than developing their own file.


The paper must be written either in standard American or British English. There should be consistency in the use of the language throughout the paper.

Paper Size and Margin

The paper must be A4, single-column format with 2.5 cm top, bottom, left, and right margins. All texts, figures, tables must be kept within the margins.

Text Layout

The paper must be typed in single spacing. Use extra line spacing between paragraphs, equations, illustrations, figures and tables. The body of the text should be prepared using Times New Roman. The font size used for the preparation of the manuscript must be 12 points. The first paragraph following a heading should not be indented.

Length of Paper

The length of the paper should be between 6000 and 10,000, excluding references and appendices.

Font Style and Size

Font style must be Times New Roman in the entire research paper. The use of other font styles is not allowed, except for special characters. The major font size and style should be:
- Heading 1: 12-point, bold, all caps, single space, and left align. Spacing before and after are 18-point and 6-point, respectively.
- Heading 2: 12-point, bold, title case, single-spaced, and left align. Spacing before and after are 12-point and 6-point, respectively.
- Heading 3: 12-point, italic, title case, single-spaced, and left align. Spacing before and after are 12-point and 6-point, respectively.
- Body text: 12-point, sentence style, justified, spacing after is 8-point.

Arrangement of Paper

The paper should be arranged in the following order: title, authors’ names, authors’ affiliation, email of the corresponding author, abstract, keywords, the body of the paper, acknowledgement, references, and appendices (if any).


The title should be concise, informative, brief and reflect what the paper is all about. The uncommon abbreviation should be avoided. The title must be title case, bolded, centre and 14-point font size.

Authors and Affiliation

The author's name(s) is also centred on the page (font size 12-point). A blank line is required between the title and the author's name(s). Names should be spelt out in full and succeeded by the author's initials. The author's affiliation and/or complete mailing address, and e-mail address (all in font size 12-point) are provided below. Corresponding author and his/her email address should be stated. He/she will handle the correspondence at all stages of publication and post-publication. Refer to the paper template.

Abstract & Keywords

The abstract should identify clearly and succinctly the motivation and purpose of the research, the methods used, the results obtained and the significance of the results or findings. The abstract should be written in single spacing and should be less than 300 words. Three to five keywords at the bottom of the abstract should be included. All the keywords should be written in title case.

Body Structure

The body of the paper is subdivided into an introduction, literature review, methodology, results, discussion, and conclusion and implication of the study.


Tables are labelled consecutively, regardless of the section in which they appear. For example, Table 1, Table 2, Table 3, and so forth. The title is placed above the table and left-aligned.


Figures such as a map, charts, graphs, diagrams, photographs should be labelled consecutively from Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3, and so forth, regardless of the section in which they appear. The title is placed below the figure and left-aligned.


Mathematical equations should be typed by using equation function in MS Word. Symbols used in the equation should be defined before or immediately following the equation. All the equations should be numbered consecutively as they appear in the text by using Arabic numeral, including parentheses and right align. The equations should be referred to in the text of the paper by their numbers only.


An acknowledgement section may be presented after the conclusion if desired. Individuals or units other than authors who were of direct help in the work could be acknowledged by a brief statement following the text.

Citations and References

Citations and references must follow APA 6th style based on APA 6th Publication Manual. Authors are encouraged to use referencing managers, such as EndNote and Mendeley.